Land-use map describes the existing purpose each plot of land serves and the location, distribution and total area of different land uses at the precinct level.
Floor space index (FSI) is an indicator of built density and expressed as the ratio of floor space (Built-up) to the plot area.
Residential Land Area
Distance from the City Center ( in Kilometres )
Population of the Precinct ( in thousands )
The selected site is 1 square kilometer in area and the results below are for this selected site.
Evolution of the precinct from 2000s
Block perimeter is a parameter used to assess the connectivity and accessibility for pedestrian users.
It is a predictor for walking activity.
Average block perimeter ( in meters )
Road Hierarchy is the classification of roads in terms of its functions and capacity. Higher the road hierarchy prioritizes mobility over accessibility.
Area under Roads
Street Density ( kms/sq.km )
A figure-ground diagram illustrates the relationship between built and open space in precincts. Open spaces such as streets, parks, natural features and plazas are represented by white, while black indicates buildings.
Nolli's map is utilized as a method to identify different types of public realm in students’ precincts.The map is then used to also analyze the degree of ‘public-ness’ basis access restrictions pertaining to gender, time, age and cost.
Area under public use
Karnal, a city nestled in Tughlaq history as a prime area for expansion, to Mughals as the landmark for the Grand Trunk road today fights for its identity. A city once skyrocketing to its claim of fame today is restricted in choices but as is the beauty of the city, it still possesses great potential. The following documentation-studies the city of Karnal through various facets and the attempt is to try to establish what? the why? and the how? for the above-stated question. This study began with a singular focus on Karnal and then is compared to two other precincts.