Understanding The City

Faculty of Planning, Foundation Studio 2020

Urban Land 

Land-use map describes the existing purpose each plot of land serves and the location, distribution and total area of different land uses at the precinct level.

Floor space index (FSI) is an indicator of built density and expressed as the ratio of floor space (Built-up) to the plot area.


Gross FSI





Residential Land Area 


Distance from the City Center ( in Kilometres )

Population of the Precinct ( in thousands )



The selected site is 1 square kilometer in area and the results below are for this selected site.

Dwelling Units

Bittan Market

Evolution of the precinct from 2000s

Road Networks 

Block perimeter is a parameter used to assess the connectivity and accessibility for pedestrian users.

It is a predictor for walking activity.

Average block perimeter ( in meters )


Road Hierarchy is the classification of roads in terms of its functions and capacity. Higher the road hierarchy prioritizes mobility over accessibility.

Area under Roads  


Street Density ( kms/sq.km )



Public Space

A figure-ground diagram illustrates the relationship between built and open space in precincts. Open spaces such as streets, parks, natural features and plazas are represented by white, while  black indicates buildings.

Nolli's map is utilized as a method to identify different types of public realm in students’ precincts.The map is then used to also analyze the degree of ‘public-ness’ basis access restrictions pertaining to gender, time, age and cost.


Built Area 


Un-built Area


Area under public use 





Bhopal has nestled as a historically prominent and a culturally sound city since it was discovered by Raja Bhoj. After being declared the capital of Madhya Pradesh, the city has developed itself has an administrative and industrial city.
A considerable population living in the city is involved in admin jobs with the government and hence one finds a number of housing localities planned for these employees.
The precinct, Bittan Market and its residential neighborhoods are a part of a similar planned zone, also one of the oldest in the capital city.
The well organised and planned roads, built structures, open spaces in the precinct have proven to be a boon for the area, making it the most sought after neighborhood in the city.
The study is an effort to analyse and understand the various layers and factors working in harmony at both the city and precinct level.